Types of Bicycles You Should Know



When looking for the ideal type of bicycle for yourself, it is critical to understand what you are looking for. When you walk into a bike shop, you will most likely be asked what type of bicycle you want, whether it is a road bike, a mountain bike, or a hybrid bike. Your choice is entirely dependent on your biking needs and personal preferences.

To choose the best bicycle for yourself, consider how frequently you intend to ride, how much you are willing to invest, and what you intend to use your bike for. However, you must be aware of the various types and types of bicycles available today, each with its own distinct style, features, and form.

In this article, we’ll get to know all the different types of bicycles and their unique characteristics/functions for you to choose from:


1. Road Bike

The drop or turned-down handlebars and skinny tyres distinguish road bikes. Downward-curving handlebars are typically super lightweight and aid in putting you in an aerodynamic position. Because of the lightweight frame, this type of bicycle is ideal for a variety of pavement applications such as racing, touring, fitness riding, long-distance rides, and daily commuting.

The large, thin tyres allow you to glide the bike across a variety of terrains with little to no effort. A road bike is the best option if you are most concerned with speed, a variety of hand and riding positions, and an efficient transfer of energy into propelling the bike forward.


2. Mountain Bike

Due to its specific mountaineering functions, these bikes have excellent braking systems and shock-absorbing features that allow it to easily handle serious bumps, rocks, dirt trails, roots, and ruts. Mountain bikes are designed to handle steeper terrain, which is why they typically have lower gears than most other road bikes.

They typically have 26-inch or 29-inch wide knobby tyres that allow them to manoeuvre effortlessly over obstacles and in loose dirt. They also have sturdy components and frames, flat handlebars, and suspension to help cyclists navigate rocky mountain hills.


3. Touring Bike

Touring bikes are similar to traditional road bikes, but with a few modifications that make them ideal for long-distance bike tours. Touring bikes have numerous attachment points that allow you to attach fenders, pumps, lights, racks, water bottles, and other accessories. They also have extremely strong frames that allow them to carry heavy loads on both the front and back racks.

Many touring bikes also have a noticeably longer wheelbase, which is specially engineered to give the rider more control due to their lower centre of gravity. The majority of touring bikes also have disc brakes, which improve stopping power, especially on unpaved surfaces. Touring bikes are distinguished by their wide or semi-knobbly tyres, which are specifically designed to handle gravel roads.


4. Folding Bike

These bikes are thought to be great travel companions. Lightweight and compact, they fold extremely easily and smoothly, allowing them to easily fit on a boat, in the trunk of a car, or on a subway. You can even fold them up and stuff them in a carrying bag, making them ideal for commuters with limited storage space at home or anywhere else.

Folding bikes have smaller wheels, most of which are 20 inches in diameter, which allows the bike to easily get over bumps and potholes and provide you with a smooth ride. Another great highlight is that they have adjustable functions on the folding frame, handlebar, and saddle, all of which make folding easier. Many of them also have adjustable latches that make it easier to collapse the bike.


5. Fixed Gear or Track Bike

Also known as ‘fixies’, are primarily used by racers and athletes in training for professional races. The main reason for this is that, as the name implies, these bikes have a single, fixed gear, which means you can't coast or freewheel on them. This implies that cyclists or riders using this bike must use their leg strength to prevent the bike's cranks from turning, thereby halting its motion.

Fixed gear bikes may have multiple brakes and different handlebar styles, and they typically require cyclists to spin their legs in constant circles in order to run at a higher cadence.


6. BMX Bike

BMX is an abbreviation for Bicycle Motor Cross, and it refers to a single-speed bicycle that is raced around short dirt tracks, much like a motorsport. The abbreviation is also used to describe any bike with a single speed and a 20-inch wheel.

BMX bikes are ideal for people who want to perform tricks and jumps on their bikes because they are designed and built specifically for that purpose, with a robust and durable design and structure. They possess small frames, a single gear, and twenty-inch wheels, making them not only sturdy but also low-maintenance when compared to a standard bicycle.


7. Recumbent Bike

This type of bicycle is more popular as a non-traditional bicycle because it requires the rider to sit in a seat that is lower to the ground and resembles a chair. Recumbent bikes come in various configurations, such as long to short wheelbases, two, three, or four wheelers, and under and above seat steering.

Recumbent bikes have a function that is similar to a seated leg press, in that the cyclist must properly rest against the backrest of the bicycle in order to turn a larger gear. The inability to stand up while pedalling up a difficult hill is a distinguishing feature of recumbent bikes that is frequently regarded as a disadvantage.


8. Cruiser Bike

These bikes are categorised under the ‘specialty bikes’ category, which have very specific end uses and features that set them apart from other types of bikes. Cruiser bikes are designed for leisurely rides around town and in one's neighbourhood.

Compared to other pavement bikes, most of these bikes have wider 26-inch tyres. They also have comfortable seats that allow for relaxed seating positions, as well as internally geared rear hubs for simple and convenient maintenance.


9. Hybrid Bike

Hybrid bikes are best depicted as a cross between road, mountain, and touring bike designs, making them more of a ‘do-it-all’ type of bike that can be used for a variety of purposes. These bikes typically have a combination of large road bike sized wheels that allow them to perform admirably on both paved trails and smooth dirt. They also have a flat bar and a heads-up ride for better visibility and comfort while riding.

More often than not, they would include disc brakes for responsive and impressive braking, especially when riding in inclement weather. Fenders, racks, and lighting systems are common features on hybrid bikes that are designed for commuting. However, it is important to note that no two hybrid bikes are exactly the same, so you must choose one based on your needs and the type of riding you intend to do.


10. Cyclocross Bike

These bikes are primarily intended for racing around a dirt trail with various obstacles and blockages placed at various intervals. The purpose of those barriers is to force the rider or cyclist to dismount in the middle of the ride and carry the bicycle for various short periods of time.

These bikes are extremely light, but also tough and sturdy enough to withstand the rigours of cyclocross racing, which frequently involves cyclists taking laps around courses on pavements, grass, and dirt trails. Most cyclocross bikes have semi-knobby tyres to ensure that they can handle any terrain challenges.


11. Electric Bike

The latest addition to the bicycle evolution, electric bikes have an electric motor that can be charged by plugging it into a standard outlet. When you pedal, the electric motor assists you, allowing you to go faster and climb hills more easily. Electric versions of many types of bicycles are available, including mountain bikes, road bikes, and hybrid bikes (for commuting).

Some say that once you’ve tried on an electric bike, you will never go back to using a traditional non-electric bike ever again. Well, there’s only one way to find out!



Looking for a brand spanking new bike? Please get in touch with us or make an appointment to visit our showroom where you can see for yourself the bike models you might be interested in. Bike viewing is available Monday through Saturday. Call +65 8902 2453 to make your appointment. See you soon!